How to Tell if a Platy Fish is Male or Female?
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Platies are one of the most highly sought-after fish species thanks to their hardiness, easy-going personality, and color and pattern diversity.
They are pretty much as popular as guppies and make for a great choice for novice fish lovers.
You don’t need much to provide platies with a healthy and stable lifestyle over the years.
They require the company of each other, balanced water parameters, a clean environment, and adequate food, and they will thrive.
However, few people know that differentiating between platy males and females contributes to better care overall.
While they are of the same species, platies require slightly different approaches in terms of long-term care and habitat accommodations.
Let’s check the main differences between the sexes to learn how to distinguish them more effectively.
Platy Male vs. Female – How to Tell the Gender?
There are practically very few differences between platy males and females to an untrained eye.
A trained one will, however, differentiate a lot of diverging characteristics, especially in more mature platies.
Female platies are larger than males since they need the extra belly space to make room for all the fry.
Female platies typically measure around 2, even 3 inches, while males will settle for around 1.5. However, the body size isn’t the only noticeable difference since males and females also differ in shape.
Males tend to be more slender-looking with slimmer and more compact bodies. Their heads are also a bit sharper, with a slight caved-in forehead.
The female platy is larger and bulkier. She is rounder in appearance with a bulkier abdomen and a straight and slightly rounder head.
Size alone may not be a gender indicator in and of itself. Some females may be underdeveloped and, if you’re going by body size-only, you may mistake them for males.
Assessing the body shape is where things become clearer.
Tail Fin Shape
Both males and females display the same fan-shaped tail fin.
The difference is that, with females, the tail fin is larger and wider, resulting from its bigger and longer body.
Males will display more compact tail fins in a note with their body shape.
Anal Fin Shape
Females have a wider anal fin which they tend to flap loosely when swimming. The fin serves little purpose other than aiding lightly in swimming.
This is different with males whose anal fins are different in both shape, size, and usage.
The males’ anal fin is called a gonopodium. This is another way of saying that the fin has gained additional roles, mainly of sexual nature.
The male platy uses the gonopodium as a copulatory organ to inject sperm into the female.
The male’s anal fin is typically shorter and slimmer and doesn’t open wide as that of the females.
The presence of a gonopodium is a clear indicator that the fish you’re observing is a male. The problem is that males typically develop a visible gonopodium when they reach 5-6 months of age.
By that point, you may have already placed them in the female category, which is to say you’re in for an unexpected surprise down the line.
To understand behavioral differences between male and female platies, begin with the assumption that males are more aggressive by nature.
This assumption will make you more right than wrong in most cases. The males’ more aggressive nature is true for all fish species and even all animal species on the Globe.
This is due to the excess testosterone, which fuels males’ behavior as they compete for territory, females, food, and even pure dominance.
Higher levels of testosterone may lead some males to become bullies, attacking other males of their species rather gratuitously.
However, generally speaking, platies are easy-going and peaceful fish, especially towards other species.
This makes them great options for community aquariums comprising multiple small fish species.
This doesn’t mean that platies are universally peaceful.
Male platies will compete with each other for a variety of things, the need for male assertion being the most prevalent.
Male aggression becomes the most visible in the presence of females during the mating season.
The mating phase is when the male platies display the most aggression towards one another, leading to poking, harassment, and even injuries down the line.
On the other hand, females have fewer reasons to act hot-headed. They will mostly keep to themselves, with only minor violent outbursts during feeding and when pregnant.
In the latter case, they will become more irritable, mostly towards the end of their pregnancies.
If every other metric has failed, the gravid spot is salvation. Male platies cannot get pregnant, let’s start with stating that as a fact.
This means that if the platy showcases a visibly inflated belly with a gravid spot, you have a female on your hands.
The gravid spot becomes more visible towards the end of the pregnancy, and it looks like a dark area in the abdomen.
It will first appear like a subtle coloration of the fish’s insides and become visibly darker as the pregnancy advances.
The reason for the black gravid spot is the fry pushing the uterus’s limits and forcing the stomach’s membrane.
The spot is located in the rear half of the abdomen, towards the platy’s cloaca.
When Can You Tell the Gender of Platy Fry?
To be safe, stick with 5 to 6 months. By that time, all platies will look like females, lacking any meaningful distinctions between the genders.
The male platies’ developmental rate varies depending on a variety of conditions.
The most influential one is the presence of an overtly dominant male, whose mere presence will inhibit the development of the other males.
This can cause significant growth delays in male platies, causing them to grow male-specific traits even 6-8 months after they’re born.
This is the reason for much confusion in the world of platies, causing novice platy lovers to think that they can change sex.
Can Platy Fish Change Gender?
No, although many people believe they can. They believe the same about swordtail fish and guppies, and the same reasoning is behind all these opinions – females turning into males.
You never hear of stories claiming the reverse is true. You never hear about males turning into females.
Do you know why? Because all platies, guppies, mollies, and swordfish look like females when they’re firstborn.
The males will obtain their gender-specific characteristics later on in life, usually by the 6-month mark.
In the eyes of the ignorant, the female platy has just turned into a male, but that just isn’t true.
Now, to be fair, there are some scientific claims that platies, and other fish species, may change gender depending on gender distribution.
More precisely, some females can turn into males when there are no males around to take over the breeding task.
But, until evidence is provided to support the cause, the claim remains just that – an unsupported claim.
So, why do you need to know how to distinguish between male and female platies?
The answer is simple – it allows you to provide better care and create a healthier and more comfortable environment for your fish.
What do I mean by that?
Male platies are more aggressive towards one another by nature. If you stick too many males in the same environment, they will end up killing each other.
Knowing how to differentiate between the sexes will allow you to set up the optimal male-to-female ratio to minimize aggression.
As a golden rule, keep 2-3 females for one male in the same tank and add 2-3 more females for every other male you add up to the mix.
This will provide all males with enough females to minimize their sex-related violence during the mating phase.